Pajamas or pyjamas, normally shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can check with a number of connected sorts of outfits originating from the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are loose-fitting garments derived from the original garment and worn chiefly for sleeping, but occasionally also for lounging, also by equally sexes.[three] Additional frequently, pajamas may make reference to various clothes, for both of those daywear and nightwear, derived from traditional pajamas and involving variations of style and material.
The term pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 with the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), by itself borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[five] The original pyjāmā are loose, lightweight trousers fitted with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans in the course of East India Business rule in India.[eight]
The worldwide use of pajamas (the term as well as garment) is the results of adoption by British colonists in India from the 18th and 19th hundreds of years, as well as the British influence on the wider Western environment in the Victorian period. Pajamas were launched to England as "lounging attire" as early as the seventeenth century, then known as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) Nonetheless they shortly fell away from trend. The word pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the very first half in the nineteenth century. They did not turn into a manner in Britain plus the Western planet as sleeping attire for guys until eventually the Victorian time period, from about 1870.
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Text and Phrases (1886) summarizes the point out of use at enough time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
Such a garment is used by many people in India e.g. by Females of various lessons, by Sikh Adult men, and most by Mohammedans of both sexes. It absolutely was adopted through the Mohammedans by Europeans as an posting of dishabille and of evening attire, and is particularly synonymous with Very long Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It truly is probable that we English took the pattern just like a great many Some others through the Portuguese. Therefore Pyrard (c. 1610) suggests, in speaking of Goa Healthcare facility: "Ils ont pressure calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The word has become used in London outlets. A buddy furnishes the next reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Avenue, some on 40 many years back, in reply to a question why pyjammas experienced ft sewn on to them (as was sometimes the situation with These furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I think, Sir, it really is due to White Ants."
Classic pajamas consist of a jacket-and-trousers mix fabricated from gentle material, like flannel or light-weight cotton. The jacket factor usually provides a placket front and its sleeves don't have any cuffs.[twelve] Many individuals opt to rest or lounge in only the pajama pants, both with a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. This is why, pajama pants for men and boys will often be offered as separates.
In colloquial speech, these regular pajamas tend to be identified as PJs, jim jams, or jammies. In South Asia and South Africa, they are sometimes generally known as night fits.
Some pajamas aspect a drop seat (often known as a entice door or butt flap): a buttoned opening from the seat, designed to allow the wearer to conveniently utilize a toilet. Drop seats ended up quite common on pajamas produced prior to the fifties, but in the early twenty-initially century they are fairly exceptional.
Modern pajamas are derived from regular pajamas. There are many versions pidzame in type which include brief sleeve pajamas, pajama bottoms[fifteen] of different duration,[sixteen] or, occasionally, one particular-piece pajamas,[seventeen] and pajamas incorporating many supplies. Chiefly while in the US, extend-knit slumber clothing with rib-knit trimmings are common. Generally worn by young children, these clothes generally have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if one-piece), and might also be footed.
Though pajamas are frequently distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping clothes for instance nightgowns, during the US, they have occasionally incorporated the latter like a prime. Babydoll pyjamas Use a form of small costume top rated around shorts or shorter trousers.[eighteen]
Pajamas may perhaps now refer to women's combination daywear, especially in the US where they turned preferred in the early twentieth century, consisting of short-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and light-weight pants. Examples of these include capri pajamas, beach pajamas, and hostess pajamas.